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When debilitating pain and stiffness in your knee limits your daily activities; you may need a total knee replacement.
When conservative methods of treatment (medications, physical therapy, etc.) fail to provide adequate relief, total knee replacement is considered. If your X-rays show destruction of the joint, you and Dr. McComis will decide if the degree of pain, deterioration and loss of movement are severe enough that you should undergo the operation. Total joint replacement is a successful operation that has transformed the lives of many people by enabling them to regain activity with reduced or no pain. It allows them to return to an active, enjoyable lifestyle.
A joint is a junction where two or more bones meet. The knee joint forms where the bottom of the femur (thigh bone) meets the Tibia (shin bone). The knee also includes the Patella (Knee cap) The knee joint is a hinge type joint.
The bones of the knee joint are covered by a layer of smooth, shiny cartilage that cushions and protects the bones while allowing easy motion. Tough fibers, called ligaments, connect the bones of the joint to hold them in place and add strength and elasticity for movement. Muscles and tendons play an important role in keeping the joint stable.